email me - firstname.lastname@example.org
I am available to perform repair or modification for Larcan VHF amplifiers. 50MHz improvements, 144MHz conversion, etc. See disclaimer below.
Email me with details - email@example.com
Paul and I have submitted an article to the UK Six Meter Group newsletter. It could be a good guide to assist with assembling your solid state power amplifier.
You can also contact Paul N1RJX with questions.
The Larcan amplifiers come in three frequency ranges with three power ratings in each.
The low band amplifier modules are designed for 54-72MHz (lo/lo) and 72-88MHz (lo/hi) operating ranges. The high band amplifier was designed for 174-230MHz.
The driver amplifier uses a pair of MRF151G. It is good for up to about 600 watts output on the low band modules. Due to the output coupler rating, power output for high band is only 400 watts.
The 1kW modules use four MRF151G and the 1.5kW modules use six MRF151G.
Gain of the lo/lo module is better than 20dB at 54MHz. This is the one preferred for 6-meters. Typically less than 10 watts is required for full output with a 1kW module or 15W drive for the 1.5kW module. Performance should be even better at 70MHz as the amplifiers have higher gain and operate within the original design frequency range.
Gain of the high band module is about 16dB at 222MHz. About 25 watts drive needed for 1kW or 40 watts for 1.5kW, depending upon module power rating.
An attenuator should always be used. This will eliminate overdrive problems and potential damage to the FETs. For example, if your rig operates full power at 100W on 6-meters, and the amp needs only 10W, a 10dB attenuator will allow full transmitter power to the module. There is no concern about spikes or accidentally leaving drive power too high. It is cheap insurance against transistor replacement. I can install this during conversion as an added extra, but will need to know well in advance to order suitable parts. See photo below.
There are no lo/hi modules available at the moment. These modules can be modified for 6-meter use or used as is for 4-meter / 70MHz. They are recommended for conversion to 2-meters. Conversion information is available below.
I think if you compare these amplifiers to tube amplifiers it will prove an attractive approach. The 1kW and 1.5kW amplifiers are about 17x24x3 inches. Drivers are about 10.5x15x2 inches. The amplifiers are wide band and require no tuning.
They will work with an inexpensive 48-50VDC power supply. A 60A supply can be purchased on eBay for about $40. (Search for 48V 3000W power supply) Here is a
spec sheet with pinout for the power supply.
Here are two other suggestions for powering up the HP 50V supply. two jumpers and single jumper.
I picked this up somewhere. No idea on the source.
Subject: HP 226519-001 connections
Looking at the pin field, the pins count from left to right 1 through 5.
From the 'BOTTOM" row to the top, they are designated as rows A through D.
As an on/off control, shunt pins A3 and B3.
To enable the supply, shunt pins D2 to D3.
Always use a "2 pole" AC on/off switch in the 240 VAC feed from a circuit protected with a breaker or a fuse.
Transmit/receive switching and cooling fans will finish off assembly. There are no high voltage components needed.
The first pictures are 1kW "low-split" modules. They will work at 50MHz, but performance can be improved with the addition of a few components. They will also cover the 70MHz / 4-meter band with no changes.
Larcan Lo/Lo 50MHz improvement
Starting with Dave Oleans changes, here is how I've modified many lo/lo amplifiers.
Prior to starting, output power of several modules at 50MHz was 800W max with 10W input. (Exact levels may vary between modules)
With capacitors added, output power is easily 1000W with only 6W drive.
I've briefly operated one amplifier at 1350W output. Short test only, not a recommended operating level!
Input splitter board
C3, C4. Add 47pF in parallel with original 24pF
C5, C6. Add 24pF in parallel with original 39pF
FET output board
C14, C15. Add 51pF in parallel with original dual 91pF (or 180pF)
C16. Add 24pF in parallel with original 51pF
Output combiner board
C1, C8 Add 15pF in parallel with original 15pF
C2, C3. Add 47pF in parallel with original 24pF
C4, C5. Add 39pF in parallel with original 47pF
The high band 1kW and 1.5kW modules are the same physical size. The heat sink, rear panel connectors, and circuit board are identical. The only difference is in the strip line circuitry. 600W/1kW 50MHz module gain is about 20dB/100x. The 400W/1kW/1.5kW 222MHz module gain is about 16dB/40x.
Click thumbnails to enlarge.
The low band modules must be converted for use at 2-meters. With some modification they will easily produce 1kW on 2 meters.
My changes are based upon this writeup by Brian Justin, WA1ZMS, with a few minor changes as suggested by James WA3LBI and others that I plan to make. If you have other improvements please share with the class!
I can offer modification service for others but shipping to and from would be an added expense.
I've tested several of these amplifiers at 1kW output power, 100% duty cycle for a full hour. They were rock steady and good for more. I can't imagine any amateur use being more demanding. Try that with any other amplifiers presently on the market!
DC input connectors are available. Other parts such as DC power supply 50V @ 50A, RF coaxial relays, cooling fans, etc are needed to get operational. I have a very limited number of slide on RF output connectors available. Most people change the original RF connectors. Input is usually BNC or Type-N, and output a Type-N or even SO-239.
There is a long message thread about the Larcan amplifiers at World Wide DX in the amplifier forum.
Walter Zach OE2CAL has assembled a lo/lo 1kW amplifier. Here are some pictures of his installation. 1, 2, 3, 4.
A more detailed write up for 6-meter operation is available at
(Note: This is NOT my web page and is supplied for information purposes only)
The techniques used are very similar to that required for the high band 222MHz module.
Harris 1kW amplifier for 6-meters were available for a short time. The experience was less than stellar and they will no longer be sold. The remaining modules will be offered as parts only. It may be the only way to get a replacement FET as they have become obsolete and unobtainium. This page has information for the Harris amplifier. It has ideas for coaxial switch, RF filters, cooling, power supply, etc. that are also applicable for use with the Larcan. (Again, not my web page, etc...)
VK5PJ has information on improving performance of lo/lo modules at 50MHz.
KH6HAK has suggestions for mounting a metal shield cover over the PA circuit board and building a slide on output connector adapter.
The amplifier modules were removed from commercial television broadcast equipment and are rated for 24/7 operation.
They use commonly available MRF151G transistors. There are no known problems with any of the modules. All in very good physical condition.
Be VERY careful with input drive level. One sure way to wreck the transistors is to apply too much RF. All that is needed on 6-meters is about 10W drive for full power output. If your rig can produce 100W you should use a 10dB attenuator at the amplifier input. After seeing many FETs damaged due to over drive this is an essential item! It may be permanently mounted as shown in the photo. That way you can be certain never to overdrive the input. It is very inexpensive insurance against damaged FETs. Compare $30 for an attenuator vs $100 for a new FET. The photo is from an owner who installed a 6dB pad into a 1kW lo/lo module he converted to 2-meters.
1kW LoLo frequency response curves
1kW LoHi frequency response curves
1kW 222MHz frequency response curves
1.5kW high band schematics
222MHz 400W amp schematics
222MHz 60W amp schematics
Packaged weight is about 23kg / 51 pounds.
The crate is built with 3/8 inch plywood and 2x4 sides.
It has proven very reliable for shipping.
This is a high band VHF module that would work on 222MHz with no changes needed. The modules were built for operation from 174MHz - 230MHz. As far as Larcan amps go, this one is essentially plug and play with about 16dB gain or 40x amplification at 222MHz. Notice it uses six transistors instead of four.
These are Larcan drivers. Parts that are not needed - extra heat sink with power divider, side rails, and front panel have been removed to reduce size and shipping costs but remain fully complete RF amplifiers. The 222MHz version is shown.
Here is how it looks before removing extra parts.
The 50MHz version is very similar with different strip line sections. RF input is on the left, RF output on the right, and +48VDC connects to the bus down the middle.
Based on MMRA web page, the 6M modules should be capable of 600 watts output. The output coupler on the 222MHz amp is rated at 400 watts CW. I haven't used either of these so can not guarantee MMRA numbers.
The driver modules will be shipped in custom built crates. 2x3 sides with 3/8 plywood top and bottom.
6-Meter version shown. Picture 1, Picture 2.
There are also smaller driver amps that use a pair of MRF148 transistors, good for about 50W output.
Look at IPA1 and IPA2 at
MMRA web page.
Here are schematic diagrams for high band and low band IPA1.
Slide on RF output adapters can be fabricated from the original chassis mount connectors. I have a very limited supply of these. The 1/4 inch spacer and Type-N (or SO239)chassis connector would have to be obtained elsewhere.
I can supply a full set of Larcan adapters to anyone interested.
This is the latest side project for the Larcan modules. Paul N1RJX is modifying the original 8-module wide frame to accomodate 6 PA modules. It will then fit inside a standard 19 inch equipment rack. The slots can be populated with any model PA (other than the IPA). Outputs can be paralleled to create even higher power. My plan is to have two modules for each band 50MHz, 144MHz, and 222MHz. Add power supply, fans, etc.
I've shipped modules to USA, Canada, Caribbean, and Europe. A list of references is available. Check my feedback on eBay, username Warren914
Grounding ideas and techniques and other RF and broadcast items I've written.
Please email me - firstname.lastname@example.org with any questions.
73 de VO1KS
For purposes of disclosure and so on, perhaps some background is in order. I work in broadcasting and have installed, maintained, and repaired Larcan and other TV and FM transmitters for many years. The amplifier modules and other parts pictured were obtained legitimately through other sources. The use of this equipment for amateur radio purposes should not in any way be interpreted as an endorsement by either my employer or Larcan, nor in any other way related to my regular work duties.